我喜欢的作曲家,音乐之父:巴赫

作者:同往锡安  于 2011-1-3 16:15 发表于 最热闹的华人社交网络--贝壳村

作者分类:音乐|通用分类:音乐欣赏

关键词:

跟朋友谈起巴赫,无疑他是有史以来最伟大的音乐家。他的作品虽被归纳于巴洛克风格,但却与巴洛克风格不尽相同。巴赫的音乐充满敬虔,睿智,深思,这与他对神的敬虔与爱慕分不开。巴赫一生都活在路德教派的价值观中,受教育、成长、谋职、创作,因此他终其一生追求内省的、灵里的体验,以音乐和上帝沟通。对于巴赫来说,他的音乐是种探究真理的过程,而真理,正是他所追寻的。他以创作来荣耀上帝。有人说,不论你有没有信仰,如果无法站在一个信徒的角度来聆听巴赫,恐怕永远找不到通往巴赫内心深处的钥匙。他的音乐虽然很多时候采用复调,却永远有种纯粹与和谐,让心安静,沉思。歌德说:「聆听巴赫彷佛聆听永恒与和谐的对话,有如在创世之前上帝的怀抱中。」这话一点不假。


巴赫的"Jesu, nun sei gepreiset"(Jesus now be praised)被称为最好的合唱(Best Cantata),歌曲作于1724年1月1日,因此在新年的时候常常被演唱。歌曲气势宏伟。歌词也非常棒。共六章,包括合唱,咏叹调,吟诵,赞美。

第一节,听号角吹响,新的一年踩着鼓点来临。神保守我们安度过去的一年,在新的一年开始之际,我们也把自己交到他手里,求他继续保守我们的身体与灵魂,直到永远。

1. Chorus
Jesus, now be praised
at this new year
for Your goodness, revealed to us
in all necessity and danger,
that we have reached
this new joyful time,
that soars full of grace
and eternal blessedness;
that we, in peaceful stillness
have completed the old year.
We wish to give ourselves to You
now and for ever,
protect body, soul and life
from henceforth throughout the whole year!

2. Aria S
Let us, o highest God, complete the year,
so that its end be like this beginning.
  May Your hand remain with us,
  so that later, at the close of the year,
  with an abundance of blessings,
  we will, as now, sing a Hallelujah.

3. Recitative A
Ah! Your hand, Your blessing must alone
be the A and O, the beginning and the end.
You carry life in Your hand,
and our days are circumscribed by You;
Your eye rests upon city and country;
You number our blessings and know our sorrows,
Ah! grant of both,
what Your wisdom wills,
as Your mercy prompts You.

4. Aria T
As far as You have ordained noble peace
for our bodies and conditions,
so grant the soul Your sanctifying Word.
  When we encounter this blessing,
  we are hallowed here,
  and chosen ones there!

5. Recitative B and Chorus
Yet since the enemy day and night
watches for our harm
and wishes to disturb our rest,
so may You, o Lord God, attend,
when we pray with devout intention:
 - crush Satan under our feet. -
Thus we shall remain, to your glory,
Your chosen sanctuary
and can also, after suffering and sorrow
depart from here to blessedness  

6. Chorale
Yours alone is the honor,
Yours alone is the glory;
teach us patience in suffering,
direct all our actions,
until we happily depart
into the eternal heavenly kingdom,
to true peace and joy,
like the holy ones of God.
To that end do with us all
according to Your pleasure:
thus sings today earnestly
the faithful Christian flock
and wishes with voice and heart
for a blessed new year.

第一章:合唱

第四章:男高音咏叹调


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