美国的弱势群体

作者:xqw63  于 2019-7-9 08:09 发表于 最热闹的华人社交网络--贝壳村

作者分类:社会评论|通用分类:移民生活|已有28评论

美国的弱势群体

06/30/2019


三观尽毁的今天,请重新审视弱势群体(63语录)


在美国生活时间长了,咱对头脑深处所具有的“弱势群体”这个概念有了重新洗牌的认识:敢情咱们在中国天天呼吁的“关注弱势群体”这个口号,在美国就是一个“伪命题”啊。


从中文字面上理解,“弱势群体”是指社会缺乏能力来应对某种伤害的群体,这是应该得到社会关注和同情的一群人,是社会的“底层人”。


在写这篇文章前,咱又特意去查了一下“弱势群体”的英文定义,希望能厘清自己认识上的误区。英文是这样解释弱势群体的:Vulnerable groups. Vulnerability is the degree to which a population, individualor organization is unable to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impacts of disasters. 简单地翻译就是,一定程度上无法应对灾害影响并从影响中恢复的人


中英文上的定义似乎并没有太大的冲突,但问题是,在美国,什么样的人是“弱势群体”?


穷人?残疾人?失业工人?还有……


您千万别只是从字面上来解释这个定义。


先给大家举几个例子,看咱们怎么理解美国的弱势群体。


某单位一个黑人员工,上班吊儿郎当,工作任务完不成,把老板的警告当作耳旁风,老板忍无可忍把他开除了,黑人员工很是“气愤”,立马把单位告到法庭,说公司有“种族歧视”。鉴于美国的法律诉讼是个漫长且“法盲陪审团”很容易被法庭上的律师忽悠起对“弱势群体”的同情心,该公司和黑人员工庭外调解,赔了一笔钱了事。


一个中国人做了一次陪审员,说了个他参加的“匪夷所思”的案例。


员工腰疼,上法庭投诉雇主,说自己的腰疼是上班的时候,有一次搬东西导致的。雇主当然不认可,公司法律顾问给予了法庭支持,虽然腰疼发作时间和症状和那次搬东西的联系非常牵强,但架不住“烂诉”和法盲陪审团同情心发作,最后竟然大部分陪审员同意雇主应给予赔偿。


还有一个著名的案例。


一个79岁的美国老太太买了麦当劳咖啡,在车上喝咖啡把自己的腿烫了,最后投诉麦当劳烧咖啡的水“太烫”,官司判决结果让人大跌眼镜:麦当劳赔偿了近3百万美元。


稍有一点在美国生活经验的人都知道,任何个人投诉大单位的官司,绝大部分都是大单位选择“息事宁人”的态度,庭外调解,因为,这些所谓的“强者”知道,法庭诉讼是个烧钱、漫长且不确定结果的过程,即使自己有钱请上大律师,碰上一群法盲陪审员,根本没有“胜券在握”的淡定,加上美国媒体最喜欢揭露社会“阴暗面”,一旦“输”了官司,这种抗击公司“强权”的案例,则可能会成为主流媒体狂轰滥炸的消遣新闻了。


看到这些故事,咱忽然想起了自己在中国的几次遭遇。


一次是购买了XX彩电,买回来后发现有“色斑”,和厂家商家联系,对方死活不给换,维修也修不好,投诉有关部门和报社没有回音,自己只有认倒霉;还有一次是回国探亲,从XX电器连锁店给父母买了一台空调,说好了有多少折扣,等安装后兑现,结果,连锁店毁约。咱在有限的探亲时间里向省消协市消协和当地几个媒体投诉,没有任何单位给予回应,最后还是自认倒霉;再有一次,回国探亲的时候,老父亲被施工单位在马路上堆放的建筑材料绊倒骨折,施工单位没有任何警示标识,晚上连个路灯也没有,据当时接诊医生告知,在相同地方出现的摔倒事件已经发生多次,当天晚上急诊室就见到一个骑摩托车在同一地点摔倒的骨折小伙子。咱又一次利用有限的假期向省市信访办和媒体投诉,结果还是没有回应!


来美国后,对“弱势群体”的三观尽毁,咱现在都开始同情川普和比尔盖茨这样的“强人”了,他们连打个“嗝”都有人骂,媒体拿了放大镜来找这些人的缺点,几十年前和人家玩个“一夜情”都能给翻出来发酵一番,象亚马逊老总贝索斯,人家是世界级巨富,有个小三,被媒体和民众“骂死”,最后闹个离婚分财产结局。


您可以在网络上尽情地把名人、政客们连轴地轮番骂一通,从川普骂到州长、市长甚至是镇长,从Lady嘎嘎骂到巴菲特,但您假如说邻居家的狗长得“丑死了”,没准您就惹上麻烦了。


媒体网络上,您不可以用“N”字来说黑人,但您可以用“白X”这类侮辱的词来说白人;白人警察打了黑人,可能引来“歧视”诉讼,而黑人警察打了白人,绝谈不上“歧视”;鉴于此,有白人提出:现在社会上应该提出“反歧视”了,因为,他们白人才是“弱者”。


赵本山来到纽约被华人观众抵制,因为他嘲笑“弱势群体”,好在他的市场是在中国,假如他进入了美国的主流剧场,继续这样嘲笑,吃官司是迟早的事。


罗嗦了半天,被中华文化浸淫生活在美国的咱,真的不明白啥叫“弱势群体”了,但有一个事实咱知道:咱就是弱势群体中的一员,因为,咱写文章经常被人骂。


别吝啬您的骂词,反正咱是弱势了,已下到18层地狱的人,是不在乎第17层的。

 

上车不买票,但没有查票员来查


开车发现一群人在"闹事"


看上去是一群街头流浪人员


后来看明白了,开皮卡车的驾驶员不知怎么惹了流浪汉,周围流浪人都来帮忙,开车的见势不妙,驾车逃跑了,但皮卡上的梯子被流浪汉们拽下来了


这是休斯顿食品银行(Food Bank)某个房间,里面堆满了休斯顿爱心人士捐来的食物


义工们利用业余时间来帮忙拆封分类,为了保证质量,任何可疑过期不宜食用的食品一律扔掉,然后送到城市各个食品分发点


这是咱的购物车,只买需要的和打折的,从来不敢浪费,咱才是弱势群体啊



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发表评论 评论 (28 个评论)

4 回复 來美六十年 2019-7-9 08:17
大部份在美國的中國人是"""弱勢群衆"""
3 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 08:24
來美六十年: 大部份在美國的中國人是"""弱勢群衆"""
完全同意
3 回复 8288 2019-7-9 08:54
大陆衙门朝南开...
2 回复 wcat 2019-7-9 09:17
天天被63欺负的小朋友绝对是弱势群体的代表!  
2 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 09:34
8288: 大陆衙门朝南开...
需要法盲陪审团
2 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 09:34
wcat: 天天被63欺负的小朋友绝对是弱势群体的代表!   
  
9 回复 秦臻 2019-7-9 09:35
弱势群体指的是,跟他们说不清道理却又惹不起的人群。不是怕,是不想惹自己一身麻烦。让他高兴吧,自己也好从缠腿的破裤子里脱身。
2 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 11:31
秦臻: 弱势群体指的是,跟他们说不清道理却又惹不起的人群。不是怕,是不想惹自己一身麻烦。让他高兴吧,自己也好从缠腿的破裤子里脱身。
您这个定义就错了 和中英定义都不同哦
2 回复 8288 2019-7-9 12:18
xqw63: 需要法盲陪审团
天朝无法无天那来陪审团
美国的才是法盲陪审团
2 回复 ryu 2019-7-9 13:36
“弱势群体”
2 回复 秦臻 2019-7-9 17:34
xqw63: 您这个定义就错了 和中英定义都不同哦
每个人的理解角度不一样 我只说了某些人群被视为弱势群体的一个方面。
3 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 22:24
8288: 天朝无法无天那来陪审团
美国的才是法盲陪审团
  
4 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 22:24
ryu: “弱势群体”
那是咱
3 回复 xqw63 2019-7-9 22:25
秦臻: 每个人的理解角度不一样 我只说了某些人群被视为弱势群体的一个方面。
或许吧
4 回复 海外思华 2019-7-9 23:48
你说的在国内的那些事,绝对相信!
1 回复 绿野仙踪 2019-7-10 03:30
俺们这里的弱势群体也很牛,例如一个北非移民没工作,却有好几个老婆,生十几个孩子,每月领一万欧元,你说牛不牛,什么都不干工资赶上议员了,人家的生活象后宫。
1 回复 钓鱼城 2019-7-10 05:13
没有reassurance。以下是从哈佛一门课里一个testcase,很能说明不同的地方。
There are many institutional voids that complicate the appropriate delivery
of health care.
I'm going to stick with the imagery of my needing
to find a doctor to treat me for some condition
that I've just found that I had.
Let's say that I even found the doctor.
Once I go to see her, how do I know that the facilities within which she's
operating are basically kept clean?
How do I know that the sterilization that
should be there in the environment in which I'm seeing the doctor
is appropriate-- something as basic as that?
Of course, you'll find people running around.
Labor is cheap in many developing countries.
You'll find people running around cleaning things.
But the most basic things-- maybe their hands won't be sterilized themselves.
I don't have any ability to ensure that the facility in which I'm being treated
is adequately maintained.
And there's no reassurance that that's the case.
A version of that would be how do I know that the materials that
are being used, the equipment that's being used,
the consumables that are being used, the medicines, the drugs are appropriate?
How do I know that they're not pirated?
How do I know that they haven't been adulterated?
You can easily imagine that a variety of health care providers
could make a fair amount of money by adulterating the medicines
or by delivering fake medicines.
And we know from global intellectual property estimates, policing estimates,
that the problem of piracy and drugs is rampant.
Now, I would hasten to say that I'm not implying for a second
that doctors are unethical or nurses or unethical in developing countries--
far from it.
I think they are heroes of our time.
But it is the case that as a patient, I am going to be skeptical
and I am going to come in with a view to saying,
how do I know that what you are using to treat me is appropriate,
that the facilities in which you've treated me, particularly
if it's an operating room type of setting for a minor or even, God
forbid, a major surgery, how do I know that it's
been maintained in the right way?
Now, again, in my backyard here in Boston,
I would have complete reassurance.
The penalties for somebody adulterating drugs or misrepresenting
the chemical composition of something that they're about to put into my body
are so severe and the adjudication mechanisms available to me
if I have a dispute or something, god forbid,
goes wrong with me are so well established,
that I think even somebody who was inclined to behave ethically
would think twice, thrice, 10 times over before he or she did something
like that.
So there are mechanisms here that protect the patient,
reassure the patient, and therefore make it much more likely that their health
transaction will occur.
Those mechanisms are missing in most developing countries
or are inadequately developed.
Even if there are rules on the books, they're
not adequately enforced and maintained and updated and so on.
There isn't a machinery that exists to do all that.
And that, again, is an institutional void.
Remember, I spoke about information being missing that prevents the doctors
and patients from finding each other?
You also have this basic problem of ensuring the sanctity of that health
transaction.
That when that transaction occurs, when I go and pay for services
or receive services, receive medication, I
need to be reassured that that transaction is happening the way
it's supposed to be happening.
I need to be reassured that the drugs that I'm taking
are doing what they're represented to be doing.
And I also need to be sure that if something goes wrong,
that I have a redress mechanism, an adjudication mechanism, someone
that I can go to, a regulator, an ombudsman, a patient's advocate,
something like that.
These are all things that exist in my backyard here in Boston.
But they don't exist in other parts of the world.
And that, again, is a collection of institutional voids
that complicate this transaction.
1 回复 看得开 2019-7-10 10:32
美国弱势群体的人大都是穷人。楼主的文章意思表达出来的是:美国弱势群体的人都是无赖。但事实证明美国的弱势群体大都不是无赖。我早就跟你说过:中国人最讨厌的人是穷人!
1 回复 看得开 2019-7-10 10:43
绿野仙踪: 俺们这里的弱势群体也很牛,例如一个北非移民没工作,却有好几个老婆,生十几个孩子,每月领一万欧元,你说牛不牛,什么都不干工资赶上议员了,人家的生活象后宫
美国弱势群体的人大都是穷人。你的评论意思表达出来的是?法国弱势群体的人也都是无赖。但事实证明美国的弱势群体大都不是无赖。我早就说过:中国人最讨厌的人是穷人!
0 回复 xqw63 2019-7-10 11:18
海外思华: 你说的在国内的那些事,绝对相信!
真的是投诉无门,觉得社会怎么是这样的呢?
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