Kepler-186f

作者:fanlaifuqu  于 2014-4-20 00:29 发表于 最热闹的华人社交网络--贝壳村

作者分类:随笔|通用分类:热点杂谈|已有15评论

关键词:太阳系, 科学家, 美国, 地球, 命名

美国太空署的科学家们辛苦工作多年,终于在太阳系外发现一颗与地球极为相似的行星. 目前命名为 Kepler-186f.

所有科学内容可见于下列原文。

Scientists who have been hunting for another Earth beyond our solar system have come across a planet that's remarkably similar to our world.

It's almost the same size as Earth, and it orbits in its star's "Goldilocks zone" — where temperatures are not too hot, not too cold, and maybe just right for life.

But a lot about this planet is going to remain a mystery, because it's 500 light-years away.

Researchers detected the planet while poring over data collected by . The telescope spent years staring at 150,000 stars, watching for telltale dips in brightness that might mean a planet was circling around a star.

One small star in the direction of the constellation Cygnus showed signs of five planets. Four of them are tucked in close to the star, so they're probably too hot for life.

But the fifth planet looked special.

"This planet orbits its star every 130 days," says of the SETI Institute and NASA's Ames Research Center. It's called Kepler-186f, and it's just 10 percent bigger than Earth.

At least in our solar system, Earth-sized planets are made of rock and iron and gas, says Quintana, "so we can guess that Kepler-186f, being so close in size to Earth, has a high probability of being rocky also and composed of those sorts of materials."

Conditions on the surface would depend on what kind of atmosphere it had, if any. If it was like Earth, temperatures wouldn't be balmy, Quintana says.

"Being on this planet would probably be like being in San Francisco on a cool day," she says. "It would be a much colder place to live."

It would be warm enough, however, for one thing that's thought to be essential for life. "If this planet had the right atmospheric conditions, and if there were water on the surface, it would be likely in liquid form," says Quintana.

But if it has oceans, they would look different.

"It's not going to have a deep rich blue ocean, such as we have, because there's less blue light coming from the star," says of NASA's Ames Research Center, another member of the team that . "So the ocean would probably be a duller, grayer blue."

And because this planet orbits a dim, red dwarf star, he notes that midday on this planet wouldn't be bright — it would look more like an hour before sunset on Earth.

"It's very romantic to imagine there'd be places out there that look like Earth, and that's what we're trying to find — places that remind us of Earth," Barclay says.

Although Kepler-186f shares characteristics with Earth, "it's not an Earth twin," he notes. "It isn't around the same type of star. It's perhaps more of an Earth cousin."

Still, it's the first time anyone has found an Earth-size planet in the habitable zone of a distant star, Barclay adds. "This is a really profound discovery. It's a major milestone."

Other experts on planets beyond our solar system agree that this discovery is a big deal.

"This planet really is the same size as the Earth and the same temperature," says of Harvard University. "Up until this point, planets satisfied one of those two, but we really didn't have one that was both those things together."

Both those things are key to life on Earth, Charbonneau says, but we'll probably never know if this new planet has life. "And the reason," he explains, "is that this star system is just too far away from us."

Even though this planet is too distant for follow-up work with other telescopes, it suggests similar worlds might be out there orbiting other red dwarf stars, which are very common.

If scientists could find another planet like this around a nearby star, he says, "we could really study the atmosphere and really figure out something about whether it truly is Earth-like and maybe whether it actually has life on the surface."

That's why Charbonneau and other scientists will keep searching for other Earth-like planets closer to home.

我的感想是,她离地球是500光年,如果地球发生问题,我们能移民的最近目的地就是她。算算距离吧,目前还没有光速火箭(如果有需要飞500年),所以飞机应是比较实际的交通工具。目前的时速多为每小时1000公里左右。我算了一下,这速度要飞五亿年,飞机上要装太多的水和其他食物。


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发表评论 评论 (15 个评论)

2 回复 总裁判 2014-4-20 00:34
有人么?
2 回复 白露为霜 2014-4-20 00:56
准备移民。
2 回复 fanlaifuqu 2014-4-20 01:07
白露为霜: 准备移民。
怎么去?我算了!
3 回复 白露为霜 2014-4-20 01:19
只有500光年。如果按光速飞行,500年就到了。更妙的是飞行员一点都没变老,时间对他来说停止。唯一的问题是加速到光速比较难。
2 回复 亦云 2014-4-20 03:53
it's 500 light-years away
谁能活那么长? 最好是生命停止衰老 在光速飞行器里就好了
3 回复 fanlaifuqu 2014-4-20 03:56
亦云: it's 500 light-years away
谁能活那么长? 最好是生命停止衰老 在光速飞行器里就好了
说在光速推进器里还能返老还童!
2 回复 亦云 2014-4-20 04:03
fanlaifuqu: 说在光速推进器里还能返老还童!
像 熊 一样冬眠 直到到达新地球 再苏醒过来多好
2 回复 jc0473 2014-4-20 05:42
穿越是不受时间和距离限制的
2 回复 懒懒猫 2014-4-20 06:33
等找到虫洞之门就可以移民去了,哈哈
2 回复 巍不足道 2014-4-20 07:02
好奇,有空去看看,一边飞一边传种接代,子子孙孙那是无穷无尽的。
5 回复 徐福男儿 2014-4-20 07:10
飞过去了,那边的“人”(或者叫什么别的名字)不欢迎怎么办?
2 回复 yulinw 2014-4-20 10:58
   俺就不想了~·
2 回复 沁霈 2014-4-20 11:33
哈哈,霍金早就在思考这个问题啦。
3 回复 sissycampbell 2014-4-21 12:17
要没水怎麽办?五百光年到哪里,甚麽都没有了。连灰都留不下。。。谁是pioneer?
2 回复 病枕轭 2014-4-21 22:26
  

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