参照案例法,章颖颖被谋杀死亡已经证明无疑beyond reasonable doubt

作者:fighter8  于 2019-6-22 03:14 发表于 最热闹的华人社交网络--贝壳村

通用分类:热点杂谈|已有1评论

庭审检方的呈堂供证已经结束。章颖颖被预谋杀害死亡已经证据确凿,证明无疑, proven beyond reasonable doubt.

藤森原本计划要杀人脱罪的,为什么自己主动承认杀了章?要知道在法律上, admission is the best evidence,只要没有能够证明与嫌犯承认的事实相反的证据,法庭就必须采纳这个承认的杀人事实。看完检方证据,才知道他不承认也枉然,检方证据确凿,即使没有尸体,根据美国案例法,这些证据已经能够充分证明他谋杀致死了章。先看以下这个案例,非常接近章案。两个人谋杀了同事,扔了尸体找不到。警方根据目击者证词和法医证据,这个法医证据是这两人的车上的一个座位上有失踪者足够的血迹证明如果他没有得到及时救治的话就只能是已经死亡了。

In 2000, prosecutors in Orange County, New York, secured that jurisdiction's first-ever bodyless murder conviction. Gregory Chrysler and Lawrence Weygant were found guilty of beating Dominick Pendino, a coworker they mistakenly believed had given police the tip that had led to their arrest on drug-dealing charges, to death with a baseball bat and disposing of his body. They relied on eyewitness testimony from a former girlfriend and police informant, as well as forensic evidence showing that enough of Pendino's blood stained a car seat for him to have died without immediate medical attention.[18] Neither the body nor the bat have been discovered: Chrysler and Weygant remain in prison and have rebuffed efforts to elicit the body's location from them.

再看章案,法医在藤森的浴室里,房间里床垫上还有车上都发现章的DNA和大量血迹。有的是没有被洗干净的血迹,如床垫上的,有的是被清洗过的但是被用一种化学制剂验出来的血迹。这种化学实验是被司法系统认可的可靠证据方式。所有这些血迹加起来可不仅仅是stained a car seat
那么一点点,而是这么大量大面积,一个人出血到这个程度必死无疑,且是基本当场死亡的。

而且这些证据恰好coraborate了藤森对他女朋友的杀人过程自述--他是先在房间强暴了章然后带她去浴室在那里用棒球棍打击她的头,最后砍下她的头的。浴室墙上的血迹显示,这不是呈点滴状溅出来的小量血,而是象水龙头那样喷射出来的血,大面积到覆盖了墙壁。他是在章还活着时砍下她的头颅的,只有活人的血才可能这样喷射出来。藤森自己说的也是他在章还活着时砍下她的头的。他对女朋友说他先在房间里掐她脖子,可是他奇怪怎么掐了十分钟都没死,就带她到浴室去杀。(那时候他头脑还相当清醒,想到在浴室砍杀血迹容易清洗。)然后他用棒球棍打她的头还没死,他就把头砍下来了,对女朋友说到此他还居然笑起来了。。。没有人性恐怖的魔鬼。

林俊在加拿大被白人罪犯砍头分尸,当时就有加拿大法医专科网友评论说,根据视频,林俊的头在被砍下5分钟后还活着。章妹妹呢?一个中国的花季女孩就这么看着自己被这么残忍地杀死了。。。那个时刻会是怎样的恐惧和绝望。

所以根据案例法,藤森谋杀致死章已经被承认和被证明,铁证如山beyong reasonable doubt. 现在恐怕他努力的目标是免予死刑。我呼吁所有华人,加强关注和舆论力度。如果他得到轻判,下一个可能就是你们家的李颖颖王颖颖了。。。

以下是另外一个案例,某人杀了女朋友,没有找到尸体,仅凭她女朋友的血迹大量发现在他的床垫上,他就被判谋杀罪了。

In 2007 in Omaha, Nebraska, Christopher Edwards was convicted of murdering his girlfriend Jessica O'Grady, whose body has never been found. His mattress was soaked with her blood.

In 2008, Hans Reiser was convicted of first degree murder of his wife, Nina Reiser. After conviction and before sentencing, Reiser pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of second degree murder in exchange for disclosing the location of his wife's body.[22]


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回复 fighter8 2019-6-22 05:32
重发我两年前的旧文以做答复:

章莹颖案 受害人没找到就不能起诉谋杀罪 一说没有法律根据

看到华人媒体出现了一种理论称 :

章莹颖案,目前情况并不是特别乐观:i受害人没找到,不能起诉“谋杀罪”。。。因
为美国遵守疑罪从无原则,即公诉人不能提出确实充分的证据证实被告人的罪行,法庭
经过庭审和补充也不能查明被告人有罪的事实,那么就只能判定被告人无罪。目前FBI
手头没有足够多的证据控告Christensen有谋杀莹颖的嫌疑,尽管联邦执法人员对嫌疑
人进行了窃听,但就目前公开的证据来看,只能起诉犯罪嫌疑人“绑架罪”。

考据起来,这好像是从检方传出来,并且得到章YY家华人律师赞同的。这很值得华人社
区警惕。

事实上, no body, no murder,这早已经是久远的法律历史。随着科技发展,凶嫌们
毁尸灭迹或者完全掩盖的本领越来越高,西方世界从上个世纪50年代起就开抛弃了这个
理论。当代法律仅仅需要环境证据circumstantial evidence,就可以证明某人已经死
亡。当然,受害人还活着的可能性存在,但是极小的比例。为此这类谋杀案都不会直接
对谋杀罪成的罪犯施行死刑。

在这里看以下2000年以来的案子,好几个案子的牺牲者尸体都从来没有被发现:

In 2000, prosecutors in Orange County, New York, secured that jurisdiction's
first-ever bodyless murder conviction. Gregory Chrysler and Lawrence
Weygant were found guilty of beating Dominick Pendino, a coworker they
mistakenly believed had given police the tip that had led to their arrest on
drug-dealing charges, to death with a baseball bat and disposing of his
body. They relied on eyewitness testimony from a former girlfriend and
police informant, as well as forensic evidence showing that enough of
Pendino's blood stained a car seat for him to have died without immediate
medical attention.[18] Neither the body nor the bat have been discovered:
Chrysler and Weygant remain in prison and have rebuffed efforts to elicit
the body's location from them.

In June 2001, Essex teenager Danielle Jones went missing and despite a body
never being found, the required circumstantial evidence was provided by
forensic analysis of text messages sent by the accused, her uncle Stuart
Campbell, who was convicted of her murder 18 months later. Police determined
that Campbell had sent text messages from Danielle's mobile phone to his
own after she disappeared, to make it appear that she was still alive, and
noted that the spelling of several words in the text messages sent from
Danielle's mobile phone had changed after she was reported missing. Their
suspicions were also supported by mobile phone records which showed that
Campbell's mobile phone, and that of his missing niece, were within a short
distance of each other when the messages were sent.

In 2002, Girly Chew Hossencofft's husband and his mistress were convicted of
her murder, which occurred in 1999. Hossencofft's remains have never been
located.[19]

In spite of advances in forensic technology, the possibility of the supposed
victim turning up alive remains. In 2003, Leonard Fraser, having allegedly
confessed to the murder of teenager Natasha Ryan, was on trial for this, and
other murders, when she reappeared after having been missing for four years
.[20]

In 2006, prosecutors in Nashville, Tennessee, had Perry March arrested and
extradited from Mexico after he had been secretly indicted on charges of
murdering his wife Janet, who had disappeared in 1996. An attempt to have
March's in-laws killed while March was awaiting trial led to the arrest of
his father, who as part of a plea agreement confessed to burying his
daughter-in-law in a pile of brush near Bowling Green, Kentucky, but he was
unable to lead police to the body after the intervening nine years. Perry
March was convicted in 2006 almost ten years to the day after his wife
disappeared.

In the Australian no-body murder of Keith William Allan, evidence from
forensic accountants established a motive for his murder. The chance police
finding of one perpetrator driving Allan's car and the conduct of all
perpetrators, in particular mobile telephone records, were also important
factors in their conviction.[21]

In 2007 in Omaha, Nebraska, Christopher Edwards was convicted of murdering
his girlfriend Jessica O'Grady, whose body has never been found. His
mattress was soaked with her blood.

In 2008, Hans Reiser was convicted of first degree murder of his wife, Nina
Reiser. After conviction and before sentencing, Reiser pleaded guilty to the
lesser charge of second degree murder in exchange for disclosing the
location of his wife's body.[22]

参见 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_conviction_without_a_body
章妹妹,好好一个大活人,被绑架上了克里斯滕森的车,从此以后就人间蒸发了。从克
里斯滕森的条件看根本不可能秘密藏着一个大活人,从其车副驾驶座被特意清洗过,以
及章一上车就消失在车里等等环境证据看,克里斯滕森对她已经使用了暴力,而且很严
重在车门上留下明显痕迹。克里斯滕森自己如果又宁可被起诉谋杀都不肯供出章的所在
来换取低阶的起诉,那肯定就是谋杀已经发生章已经没有活着了。

又据说这些都是“环境证据”不算数。这也是特意对华人的忽悠。美国大多数的严重犯
罪都是靠环境证据赢得定罪的。比如O。J。汤普森案,起诉他的所有证据都是环境证据
。只不过是因为警察做弊企图给他plant evidence被发现,使得检方的整个起诉可信性
被有效质疑,审判被推翻而已。实际上也更因为那是一个大多数黑人的黑人陪审团。也
就是说,如果不是黑人陪审团,不是警察种植证据,汤普森本来完全可能被定罪谋杀的
。对此参见https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circumstantial_evidence#Validity_of_
circumstantial_evidence

我相信,克里斯滕森并不是为了性才绑架章YY的,而是一开始就是取其性命的动机。就
是又一起蓝可儿案。

如果是为了性,视频已经证明章已经自己主动上了车,这种情况下这已经被一般人视作
一种open to other possibility的暗示,因为在美国西方,年轻女性都被教育不能上
陌生人的车的。章案一发,就有不少西方人在质疑章为何要上陌生人的车,是否证明其
轻率等等。。。既然章已经上车,和平索取性就成为可能,要图性至少按常理是藤森应
该有一个和平索取的过程。可是他却第一时间对章使用了暴力。要说是为了绑架去蓄性
奴,藤森也没有这种条件。

所以,当藤森实施绑架时,他的目的只会是要取其性命。至于他为什么要取其性命,留
待下一篇文章。

此案嫌犯被起诉,比起蓝可儿案,2起灭门案等等来已经是华社一个重大成就。这个成
就肯定是梁警官案华人齐心协力共同斗争产生的积极结果。我们应该为此骄傲,我们的
斗争改变了自己的命运。请大家再接再厉,不要被忽悠,共同努力,取得章妹妹案的胜
利。否则,你我华人都会在某个时间成为不同嫌犯的“最理想受害人”。

facelist doodle 涂鸦板

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